Phonemic inventory

Consonants
LabialLaminal
alveolar
Laminal
alveolar
sibilant
Palatoalv.
sibilant /
palatal
Velar
Nasalmɲŋ
Stoppmbnt͡s̻nd͡z̻t͡ʃnd͡ʒkŋg
Fricativefʃx
Long trillrː̻
Tapɾ̻
Approximantʎ

Vowels
FrontCentralBack
Highiu
Mid-higheo
Mid-lowɛɔ
Lowaɑ

Syllable structure

(C1)(C2)V(C3)

C1: a labial obstruent or nasal; i.e. one of /m mb p f/
C2: a consonant
V: a vowel
C3: a consonant other than /nd͡z̻ nd͡ʒ/

Allophony

Some words

/kɑt͡s̻n̻ɑ/[kɑt͡s̻n̻ɑ]
/nd̻ond̻i/[nd̻ond̻i]
/ɑ/[ɑ]
/ŋguxnd̻ɑ/[ŋgugnd̻ɑ]
/kɑ/[kɑ]
/ʎɑ/[ʎa]
/nd̻uu/[nd̻uu]
/s̻ɑ/[s̻ɑ]
/nd̻ɑŋgu/[nd̻ɑŋgu]
/nd̻ɑfa/[nd̻ɑfa]
/nd̻ɛps̻ɑ/[nd̻ɛps̻ɑ]
/s̻ut̻pi/[s̻u̥t̻pi]
/ʃit̻uk/[ʃi̥t̻u̥k]
/t̻ɑnd̻ɑt̻/[t̻ɑnd̻ɑt̻]
/ŋgipʎax/[ɲɟipʎax]
/pxiʎɑk/[pçiʎak]
/kukiŋ/[kɨ̥ciŋ]
/n̻ɑxu/[n̻ɑxu]
/ŋgin̻pɑ/[ɲɟit̻pɑ]
/ʃekŋgo/[ʃegŋgo]
/pɑŋpkit̻/[pɑkpci̥t̻]
/xa/[xa]
/s̻ɑɲe/[s̻aɲe]
/s̻ɔɾ̻fs̻ɑ/[s̻ɔɾ̻fs̻ɑ]
/kixɑf/[ci̥xɑf]
/ipʎi/[i̥pʎi]
/mxoŋgɑŋ/[pxoŋgɑŋ]
/t̻ikfe/[t̻i̥kfe]
/ʃumbik/[ʃumbik]
/nd̻it̻ka/[nd̻it̻ka]

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